AYURVEDA AND US
Ayurveda has its origin in ancient Indian civilization. While the origins might be old, its effectiveness is still prevalent and acknowledged by western and allopathic medicines. Ayurveda, unlike other science of medicines, looks at an individual's vulnerability (patient-centric approach) towards a disease instead of the disease itself and works on solving from the root cause. It's knowledge is mainly derived from the theoretical foundations that lie in the compendium of wisdom of the Vedas and is comprehensively blended through its subjective, objective and intuitive form.
The concepts of ayurveda, like those of Vedas, are therefore universal in nature beyond the realm of space and time. It stresses on the fundamental understanding of the interrelationship and correspondence between the macro cosm (Bramhanda) and the living entity as man or microcosm (Pindanda). At operational level, it supposes human health or wellness as a product of equilibrium between these two prakruties. Prakruti, in itself, is conceived to consist of what is broadly referred to as vata, pitta, and kapha. When in equilibrium they are the needed and desirable constitution for human health. Any deviations or perturbations in their equilibrium manifest as disease or disorder. They are therefore also called as ‘tridosha’ and the philosophy of ayurveda is to re-establish the equilibrium using its remedial measures.
UNDERSTANDING THE BASICS
TRIDOSHA: The Basis of Inspection
The tridosha’s viz. vata, pitta and kapha have their specific role, function and character.
Vata is associated with motion including the internal and/or external movements of the body. It therefore has a control over respiratory, circulatory, digestive and excretory functions of the human body at all levels ranging from cellular, tissue to organ.
Pitta controls all the chemical and biochemical transformations including thermal and metabolic exchanges. Its function is thus to provide vital organic/inorganic matter to the body.
Kapha reflects the building-up processes of the body. Taken together they control, mediate, regulate and equilibrate the processes that help in vitalization of matter and materialization of life and health.
Observation, sensing, experiencing and examining - Nadi - the pulse- gives the physician an enormous insight into the functioning of the various processes and mainly regarding their deviations from the desirables. It is a one to many type of mapping and requires the physician (user) to attain the skills of pulse examination in all its dimensions. Authoritative texts from the early period such as Sarnagadhara Samhita (13th AD), Bhavaprakash (15th AD), Yogaratnakara (16th AD) etc. describe in detail the nadi parikshan. The active and living tradition continues in a guru-shishya mode. The examination of nadi can reveal different diseases, their stage, severity, manifestations in organs or parts of the body, possibility and span of recovery etc. It can fully bring out genetic, predisposing, triggering and perpetuating factors. Pulse can reveal the state of embryo in the mother’s womb and its evolution, the status of health from past to present, physiological and emotional make-up of patient, constitutional blend, cognitive power, means for promotion of health, diseases of unknown etiology etc.
NADI PARIKSHAN: A TOUCH OF EXPERTS
PATENTED TECHNOLOGY TO RECORD AND ANALYZE NADI (PULSE)
Nadi tarangini provides an unparalleled insight into individualized healthcare management. Nadi Tarangini auscultates subtle changes in overall health parameters based on Vatta, Pitta, Kapha (Tridosha) diagnostics. The Nadi Tarangini report envisages present and possible ailments, giving recommendations on diet and lifestyle changes. The unique sensor technology to translate ancient wisdom of understanding individualized health parameters in Ayurveda and advanced Data Science make Nadi Tarangini a perfect tool for individualized diagnostics. Refer https://www.naditarangini.com for more information.
This individualized report is generated based on the individual’s Nadi (pulse) readings while also taking into consideration variations due to geographical location, and climatic conditions. The report includes an explanation of the individual’s Prakriti (balance in Tridosha). The Nadi examination is shown in the form of a graph which simplifies Nadi pariksha for prognosis and diagnosis. Furthermore, diet and lifestyle changes are suggested based on the current Prakruti and Vikruti (imbalance in Tridosha). With this seamless integration of Nadi Tarangini data generated through reports, the Prakruti can be monitored regularly. Data analysis of the report enables prediction of possible ailments and early detection making Nadi Tarangini a health-centric diagnostic technology.
Total data collection on the Atreya’s centralized server is more than 1,30,000 users pulse data. We applied the latest scientific statistical and machine learning algorithms on this data to validate its significance WRT the ancient shlokas in Ayurveda. We have published more than 35 technical papers based on our revolutionary patented sensor technology in peer reviewed journals and renowned conferences (Please see the list at the end of this page). These papers and our proprietary algorithms make the scientific base of our Turyaa Wellness platform.
We systematically did 3 sets of beta trials during 2018 to 2020
The first trial of the Turyaa Wellness was executed on 10 subjects (all of them for the Metabolic goal: Weight and Acidity issue) and main intervention was through the diet. In this trial, the nadi was recorded on the Nadi Tarangini system and the tongue was recorded on the “Lola app”. Lola means tongue in Sanskrit. We also showcased it in the renowned conference “World Ayurveda Congress” 2018, and received a very positive response. [The Lola app is not active anymore, but it’s functionalities have been included in the Turyaa app.]
The second trial of Turyaa Wellness was executed on 22 subjects (all the Turyaa goals) and main intervention was through diet and yoga. In this trial, the nadi was recorded on the Turyaa prototype units and all personal, medical, family information and tongue photos were recorded on the Turyaa prototype app.
The third and final trial of Turyaa Wellness was executed on 25 subjects (all the Turyaa goals) and a full recommendation system was established comprising diet, yoga, music, sleep, water and coach interactions on video calls. Every user’s fortnightly reports were shared with the users to track their progress and at the end of the 3 to 4 months course, their testimonials were recorded.
Based on the machine learning based findings from the server and the learnings from the beta-trials, we have launched the revolutionary Turyaa Wellness Platform; first of its kind holistic platform where data of Trividh Pariksha (Darsham - to see, Sparsham - to touch, Prashnam - to question) of Ayurveda will be analyzed for providing the personalized experience.
PhD Thesis of the founder of the company and innovator of the product:
Joshi, A.J., Chandran, S., Jayaraman, V.K. and Kulkarni, B.D.: Acquisition and Quantitative Analysis of the Arterial Pulse. IIT Bombay, India (2011);
PCT Application NO: PCT/IN2017/050217
Title: A DEVICE FOR THE DETECTION AND RELIABLE CAPTURING OF THE PULSE CHARACTERISTICS
Abstract: The invention is related to a device to sense the pulse on a wrist of a subject and to arrive at the health status of the said subject by capturing the pulse in real time; analyzing the pulse based on time-frequency properties of the pulse signal and Vata, Pitta and Kapha humors of the subject. The device reliably detects and captures noise free pulse characteristics of a subject at the appropriate locations of the subject's wrist with minimal positional error in a user friendly way with minimal reliance on the expertise of the person measuring the pulses. The device facilitates the analysis of the pulses and provides a comprehensive diagnostic system based on the pulse characteristics, visual features, responses of a subject to structured queries to arrive at the tridosha levels in a subject.Dr. Aniruddha Joshi (Atreya Innovations). A device for the detection and reliable computation of the pulse characteristics. Submitted.
Our core papers:
Joshi, A.J., Chandran, S., Jayaraman, V.K. and Kulkarni, B.D.: Nadi Tarangini: A pulse based diagnostic system. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2207–2210 (2007); Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/4352762
Joshi, A.J., Chandran, S., Jayaraman, V.K. and Kulkarni, B.D.: Arterial pulse system: Modern methods for traditional Indian medicine. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 608–611 (2007); Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/4352363
Our papers on Tridosha:
Kumar PVG, Deshpande S., Joshi A., More P., Nagendra H.R.: Significance of arterial stiffness in Tridosha analysis: A pilot study. In Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine 8 (4), 252-256 (2017); Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0975947616303941
Kumar PVG, Deshpande S., Joshi A., More P., Nagendra H.R.: Association of arterial stiffness measured from Tridoshas with diabetes-A cross sectional study. In Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine 2 (6), 218-223 (2016); Link: http://www.ayurvedjournal.com/JAHM_201626_06.pdf
Our papers on Nadi (Pulse):
Phadke, L., Dandare, K.M., Phadke, S., Joshi, A.J., Gavali, M., Inamdar, A. : Circadian variation of HRV in healthy young adults: A novel ‘24-hour Minimum Activity (MA) Protocol’. ICON-BAP, 2012.
Joshi, A.J., Chandran, S., Jayaraman, V.K. and Kulkarni, B.D.: Multifractality in arterial pulse. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Pattern Recognition (2008); Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/4761083
Jog, A., Joshi, A.J., Chandran, S. and Madabhushi, A.: Classifying Ayurvedic pulse signals via consensus locally linear embedding. In Proceedings of Biosignals (2009); Link: https://www.scitepress.org/Papers/2009/15549/15549.pdf
Joshi, A.J., Jog, A., Chandran, S., Jayaraman, V.K. and Kulkarni, B.D.: Topological invariants of the arterial pulse. In PAKDD-Workshop on Data Mining for Healthcare Management (2010);
Our papers on Nadi parameters:Bhale T., Marathe S., Joshi A.: Study of Tikshna Guna in Nadi, In Ayurveda For Global Well-Being", organized by MGACHRC Wardha (2018); Poster presentation.
S Marathe, T Bhale, A Joshi, Study of Snigdhata in Nadi (Poster), at Pragati conference, Belgaum (2017)
Our papers on Diet:
A Joshi, T Bhale-Borse, Study of jatharagni (digestive fire) computed through nadi parikshan using nadi tarangini as per rutus (seasons) quoted in the ayurveda texts: an observational study, Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM) 6 (6), 1-12; Link: https://www.jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/24
Chavan S.V., Sambare S.S., Joshi A.J.: Diet recommendation based on Prakriti and season using Fuzzy ontology and Type-2 Fuzzy Logic. In International Computing Communication Control and automation, ICCUBEA (2016); Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7860026
Patankar H., Joshi A.: Assessing the effect of Aahariya Dravya on Nadi with respect to Prakruti and Rasa using instrumentation and visualization based techniques. In World Ayurveda Congress (Highest rated conference in Ayurveda), 2016. Also in https://ayurved.dypvp.edu.in/research-publication.aspx
Dr. Jaishwal Ashish: Comparative study of pre lunch and post lunch nadi. In national seminar on recent advances in kayachikitsa. At D Y Patil College of Ayurveda and research, Pimpri (2017);
Our papers on Yoga and Exercise:
Kumar PVG, Deshpande S., Joshi A., More P., Singh A., Nagendra H.R.: Effect of Integrated Yoga Therapy on Arterial Stiffness: A Pilot Study on Young and Older Adults with Obesity. In Integrative Medicine International 4 (1-2), 85-93 (2017); Link: https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/477542
Pitale, R., Tajane, K., Phadke, L., Joshi, A.J., Umale, J. : Characteristics of HRV patterns for different Yoga postures. India Conference (INDICON), 2014 Annual IEEE. 2014, 1- 6; Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7030672
Phatak E., Gaopande S., Patil A., Deshpande Y., Ghorpade-Aher J., Deopujari K., Joshi, A.: Studying the effects of Suryanamaskar using signal processing techniques. In Amrita Samyogam (2017); Link: https://www.amrita.edu/sites/default/files/amrita-samyogam-book-of-abstracts.pdf
Ghorpade-Aher J., Patil A. , Deshpande Y., Gaopande S. , Phatak E.: A proposed framework for prediction of pulse, based on the effect of surya namaskar on different prakruti at different prahars of the day. In IEEE International Conference on Big Data Analytics and Computational Intelligence (2017); Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8070801
Patil A., Phatak E., Gaopande S., Deshpande Y.: Analysis and Prediction of the Effect of Surya Namaskar on Pulse of Different Prakruti Using Machine Learning. In Intelligent Computing and Information and Communication (2018); Link: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-10-7245-1_54
Our papers on Music:
Patil P., Gore S.: Recommendation system for yoga and raga for personalized health based on constitution. In IEEE International Conference on Computing Communication Control and automation (2017); Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7860010
Our papers on Face and Tongue:
T Bhale, A Joshi, To study and correlate Tridosha Guna through Nadi pariksha with modern pattern recognition and machine learning process, In World Ayurveda Congress (Highest rated conference in Ayurveda), 2018.
Deopujari, K., Joshi, A., Bhale., T., Marathe, S., Desai, M., Gole, A., Incorporating face and tongue based analysis along with questionnaire for automated Prakruti determination, World Ayurveda Congress (Highest rated conference in Ayurveda), 2018.
Desai M., Marathe S., Bhale T., Joshi A., Tool for Tongue Diagnosis. In International Conference on Ayurved (ICA), at D. Y. Patil College of Ayurved and Research Center, Pimpri, Pune (2018); Poster presentation.
T Bhale, A Joshi, S Mehta, A need of Digitization in the Integrated Medicine and Health care space through A case study of the Lola App, ANVESHANAM 2.0 Pune
Our preliminary study on Diabetes:
P More, A Joshi, HR Nagendra, Developing a diagnostic tool for type 2 diabetes based on tridosha analysis through nadi pariksha, International Ayurvedic Medical Journal 2 (6) 2014; Link: http://www.iamj.in/posts/2014/images/upload/1099_1107_1.pdf
Our papers on Pulse rate Variability and HRV:
Joshi, A.J., Chandran, S., Jayaraman, V.K. and Kulkarni, B.D.: Arterial pulse rate variability analysis for diagnoses. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Pattern Recognition (2008); Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/4761757
Phadke, L., Dandare, K.M., Phadke, S., Joshi, A.J., Gavali, M., Inamdar, A. : Circadian variation of HRV in healthy young adults: A novel ‘24-hour Minimum Activity (MA) Protocol’. ICON-BAP, 2012; Link: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236587093_Analysis_of_Nonlinear_dynamics_of_Heart_Rate_Variability_HRV_in_healthy_young_adults_with_a_novel_24-hour_%27Minimum_Activity%27_MA_Protocol
Joshi, A.J., Chandran, S., Jayaraman, V.K. and Kulkarni, B.D.: A novel PSWT-DTW approach for analyzing pseudo-periodic signals. In IEEE PHT (2013); Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6461284
Tajane, K. ; Pitale, R. ; Phadke, L. ; Joshi, A.J. ; Umale, J. To study non linear features in circadian heart rate variability amongst healthy subjects. Advances in Computing, Communications and Informatics. 2014, 1921 – 1927; Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6968443
Founder Dr. Aniruddha Joshi’s Google Scholar Page: https://scholar.google.co.in/cit ations?user=bS9qm5UAAAAJ&hl=en